Buddhist East Asia:   The Interplay of Religion, the Arts and Politics

An NEH Summer Institute ~ May 28 to June 22, 2018 ~ Honolulu, Hawaii ~ Hosted by the Asian Studies Development Program

Buddhist East Asia:  The Interplay of Religion, The Arts and Politics
An NEH Summer Institute

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Institute Daily Readings

Presenting faculty have assigned readings for their sessions, and the full citation information can be accessed below. Each presenter has prepared a bibliography that includes assigned readings and optional additional readings. These bibliographies will be available in the Presenter Session Materials under Resources in the coming months.

This list is currently under revision and will be updated as information is available. Access to readings are limited to participants only.


Rafter Finial in the Shape of a Dragon's Head and Wind Chime, early Goryeo dynasty, Korea; Photo Credit:  www.metmuseum.org

Buddhist East Asia:  The Interplay of Religion, the Arts and Politics

May 28 - June 22, 2018

 

Week One:  The Buddhist Conquest of China

Week One Assigned Readings by Presenters

Monday, May 28, 2018
Peter Hershock:  Buddha, Dharma and Ssangha:  Buddhist Origins and Core Teachings
Hershock, Peter D. (2014). "Buddha, Dharma, and Snagha from India to China." In Public Zen, Personal Zen:  A Buddhist Introduction, pp. 3-22 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2014).

OPTIONAL READING

Clarke, Shayne. "Reconsidering Renunciation:  Family-Friendly Monasticisms." In Family Matters in Indian Buddhist Monasticisms, pp. 150-170 (University of Hawai‘i Press, 2014).
App, Urs. "Introduction." In The Birth of Orientalism, pp. 1-14 (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010).
 
Tuesday, May 29, 2018
Peter Hershock:  Engaging Buddhism:  Making the Religion of the "Western Regions" Chinese

Hershock, Peter D. "Early Developments in Chinese Buddhism." In Chan Buddhism:  Dimensions of Asian Spirituality, pp. 34-65 (University of Hawai‘i Press, 2005). 

Gregory, Peter N. "Inquiry into the Origin of Humanity:  by the Sramana Tsung-mi of the Ts'ao-t'ang Temple on Mount Chung-nan." In Inquiry into the Origin of Humanity:  An Annotated Translation of Tsung-mi's Yuan jen Iun with a Modern Commentary, pp. 43-48, 57-62 (University of Hawaii Press, 1995).
OPTIONAL READING
Campany, Robert Ford. Excerpts, pp. 49-75 in Signs from the Unseen Realm:  Buddhist Miracle Tales from Early Medieval China (University of Hawai'i Press, 2012).
 
Tuesday, May 29, 2018
John Kieschnick:  Buddhist Impacts on Chinese Material Culture
Campany, Robert Ford. Excerpts, pp. 77-85 in Signs from the Unseen Realm:  Buddhist Miracle Tales from Early Medieval China (University of Hawai'i Press, 2012).
Keenan, John P. "Reading the Mou-tsu Li-huo lun:  Socioliterary Strategies" and "Mou-tsu's Dialogue with His Critics." In How Master Mou Removes Our doubts:  A Reader-Response Study and Translation of the Mou-tsu Li-huo lun, pp. 1-7, 8-23 (SUNY, 1994).
Zhiyi, Shramana., and Dharmamitra, Bhikshu (trans). "Renunciation of Desires" and "Making Adjustments." In The Essentials of Buddhist Meditation (Kalavinka Buddhist Classics), pp. 52-59, 76-97 (Kalavinka Press, 2009).
 
Wednesday, May 30, 2018
Kate Lingley:  Art, Architecture and the Social Dimensions of Buddhist Practice in China
Hsu, Eileen Hsiang-Ling. "The Seng-Chou Cave and Early Imagery of Sukhāvatī." Artibus Asiae, Vol. 71, No. 2 (2011), pp. 283-323
 
Thursday, May 31, 2018
Beata Grant:  Buddhism and the Chinese Literary Imagination

Selections from Charles Egan, tr., Clouds Thick, Whereabouts Unknown: Poems by Zen Monks of China, (Columbia University Press, 2010), pp. 59-65, 70-79.

Beata Grant, tr., “Selected Poems by Chinese Nuns”, from Stephen Addiss, et. al., Zen Sourcebook: Traditional Documents from China, Korea, and Japan (Hackett, 2008), pp. 61-71.
“The Quest of Mulian or The Great Maudgalyāyana Rescues his Mother from Hell,” from John Minford and Joseph S. M. Lau, ed. Classical Chinese Literature: An Anthology of Translations (Columbia University Press, 2002), pp. 1088-1109.
Selection from The Precious Scroll of Incense Mountain, from Wilt Idema, tr., Personal Salvation and Filial Piety: Two Precious Scroll Narratives of Guanyin and Her Acolytes (Univ. of Hawaii Press, 2008), pp. 132-151.

SUPPLEMENTARY READING

Chün-fang Yü (trans.). “Biography of the Great Compassionate One of Xiangshan by Jiang Zhiqi (1031-1104) in Mann, Susan and Cheng, Yu-yin (eds), Under Confucian Eyes: Writings on Gender in Chinese History, pp. 30-44 (University of California Press, 2001).

 
Friday, June 1, 2018
Peter Hershock:  Liberation in Action:  Chan Ideals of Responsive Virtuosity
Thurman, Robert A. F. "The Family of the Tathāgatas" and "The Dharma-Door of Nonduality." In The Holy Teaching of Vimalakīrti:  A Mahāyāna Scripture, pp. 64-77 (The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1988). 
OPTIONAL READING
Boughton, Jeffrey Lyle. "Translation of the Chan Letter:  Chart of the Master-Disciple Succession of the Chan Gate That Transmits the Mind Ground in China." In Zongmi on Chan, pp. 69-100 (Columbia University Press, 2009).
 
Friday, June 1, 2018
Albert Welter:  Buddhism in Chinese Society and Politics:  The Place of the Sacred in the Secular
Welter, Albert. "Confucian Monks and Buddhist Junzi:  Zanning's Topical Compendium of the Buddhist Clergy (Da Song seng shi lüe 大宋僧史略) and the Politics of Buddhist Accommodation at the Song Court" in Jülch, Thomas (ed) The Middle Kingdom and the Dharma Wheel Aspects of the Relationship between the Buddhist Samgha and the State in Chinese History, pp, 222-277. (Brill, 2016).
Welter, Albert. "The Sphere of Privilege:  Confucian Culture and the Administration of Buddhism (and Religion) in China." In Welter, A., and Newmark, J. (eds.), Religion, Culture, and the Public Sphere in China and Japan. Religion and Society in Asia Pacific (Palgrave Macmillan, 2017).

SUGGESTED FURTHER READING

 

Week Two:  Transmissions and Transformations of Buddhism

Week Two Assigned Readings by Presenters
Monday, June 4, 2018
Discussion Session:  China by Peter Hershock, Kate Lingley & Albert Welter
 
Monday, June 4, 2018
Peter Hershock:  Texts and concepts:  Cakkavatti-Sīhanāda Sutta and the Heart Sutra

Lopez, Jr., Donald S. "Commentators Ancient and Postmodern." In Elaborations on Emptiness:  Uses of the Heart Sūtra, pp. 238-260 (Princeton University Press, 1996).

Lopez, Jr., Donald S. "The Heart Sūtra:  The Bhagavatī Heart of the Perfection of Wisdom Sūtra." In Elaborations on Emptiness:  Uses of the Heart Sūtra, viii-viiii (Princeton University Press, 1996).

Walsh, Maurice. "Cakkavatti-Sīhanāda Sutta:  The Lion’s Roar on the Turning of the Wheel." In Teachings of the Buddha:  The Long Discourses of the Buddha. A Translation of the Dīgha Nikāya. Translated from the Pali, pp. 395-405 (Wisdom Publications, 1987). 

 
Tuesday, June 5, 2018
Richard McBride II:  Korean Buddhism:  An Historical Overview
The Sūtra on the Visualization of the Buddha of Infinite Life Delivered by the Buddha. In The Three Pure Land Sutras, trans. Hisao Inagaki, 63–87. Berkeley, Calif.: Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, 2003. dBET PDF version 2010.
Kim Yongtae. “The Establishment of the Approach of Chanting Amitābha’s Name and the Proliferation of Pure Land Buddhism in Late Chosŏn.” Journal of Korean Religions 6, no. 1 (April 2015): 131–157.
 
Wednesday, June 6, 2018
Youn-Mi Kim:  Korean Buddhist Imaginiries
Kim, Youn-mi Kim. “(Dis)assembling the National Canon: Seventh-Century “Esoteric” Buddhist Ritual, the Samguk Yusa, and Sach’onwang-sa.” In Kim, Youn-mi (ed), New Perspectives on Early Korean Art: From Silla to Koryŏ, Early Korea Project Occasional Series, pp. 123-191 (Korea Institute; Harvard University, 2013).
 
Thursday, June 7, 2018
Robert Buswell, Jr.:  Currents and Crosscurrents:  Korean Buddhism in East Asian Contexts

Buswell, Robert E., Jr. “Introduction: Patterns of Influence in East Asian Buddhism: The Korean Case.” In Currents and Countercurrents: Korean Influences on the East Asian Buddhist Traditions, ed. Robert E. Buswell, Jr., pp. 1-14 (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2005)

Buswell, Robert E., Jr., trans. “Moguja’s Secrets on Cultivating the Mind.” In Robert E. Buswell, Jr., translator, Chinul: Selected Works, The Collected Works of Korean Buddhism, vol. 2, pp. 205-246 (Seoul: Jogye Order of Korean Buddhism, 2012) Available as free PDF download from the UCLA Center for Buddhist Studies
 
Thursday, June 7, 2018
Robert Buswell, Jr.:  Korean Buddhist Experience
Robert E. Buswell, Jr. “Zen (Sŏn) Buddhism and the Context of Belief.” Cahier d’Extrême-Asie 7 (1993-1994): 283-318. [An overview of Buswell, The Zen Monastic Experience]
 
Friday, June 8, 2018
Discussion Session:  Korea by Peter Hershock, Robert Buswell & Youn-mi Kim
 

Week Three:  Kami, Karma, Self and State:  Buddhism and Japanese Identity

Week Three Assigned Readings by Presenters

Monday, June 11, 2018
Thomas Kasulis:  Tendai and Shingon:  Saving State and Enlightenment in This Very Body
Kasulis, Thomas. "Forms of Assimilation." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).

Heisig, James W., Kasulis, Thomas P., Maraldo, John C. (eds). "The Shōtoku Constitution" in Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook (Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2011).

Kasulis, Thomas. "Emperor Shōmu and His Sun Buddha." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).
Kasulis, Thomas. "Kūkai: The Man Who Wanted to Understand Everything." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).

RECOMMENDED READING

Kasulis, Thomas. "Shōtoku’s Seventeen-Article Constitution." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).
Kasulis, Thomas. "Endnotes for Kūkai Chapter." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).
 
Tuesday, June 12, 2018
Thomas Kasulis:  Pure Land, Nichiren and Zen:  Kamakura Buddhist Revolutions

Kasulis, Thomas. "Shining Prince, Shining Buddha: From Heian to Kamakura." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).

Heisig, James W., Kasulis, Thomas P., Maraldo, John C. (eds). "Dōgen’s Genjōkōan, 'The Case of Presencing'." in Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook (Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2011).

Heisig, James W., Kasulis, Thomas P., Maraldo, John C. (eds). "Shinran excerpts." in Japanese Philosophy: A Sourcebook (Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2011).

RECOMMENDED READING

Kasulis, Thomas. "Endnotes for Shining Prince Chapter." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).

SUPPLEMENTAL READING only for those with special interest in Shinran and/or Dōgen

Kasulis, Thomas. "Shinran: Naming What Comes Naturally & Dōgen: Nothing Doing, Everything Counts." In Engaging Japanese Philosophy: A Short History (University of Hawai‘i  Press, 2018).

 
Wednesday, June 13, 2018
John Szostak:  Buddhism in the Art and Aesthetics of Premodern Japan
Kurata, Bunsaku. "The History of the Hōryū-Ji and Its Art." In Ishibashi, W. Chie (trans), Hōryū- Ji, Temple of the Exalted Law:  Early Buddhist Art from Japan (Japan Society, 1981). 
Hoover, Thomas. "The Stone Gardens of Zen" and "Zen and the Ink Landscape." In Zen Culture, pp, 101-111, 113- 130 (Random House, 1977).

Rosenfield, John M. "The Great Buddha of Tōdaiji" and "Icons, Rituals, and Paths to Salvation." In Portraits of Chōgen:  The Transformation of Buddhist Art in Early Medieval Japan, pp. 96-115, 148-159 (BRILL, 2010).

OPTIONAL READING

Rosenfield, John M. "Japanese Buddhist Art:  Alive in the Modern Age." In Portraits of Chōgen:  The Transformation of Buddhist Art in Early Medieval Japan, pp. 232-244 (BRILL, 2010).
 
Thursday, June 14, 2018
Lori Meeks:  Japanese Buddhist Institutions:  Religion, Politics and Gender

Dobbins, James. Eshinni and Her Lettersand "Women, Sexuality, and Pure Land Buddhism" in Letters of the Nun Eshinni: Images of Pure Land Buddhism in Medieval Japan, pp. 3-22, 74-106 (University of Hawai’i Press, 2004).

OPTIONAL READINGS
Dobbins, James. “The Letters of Eshinni: A Translation in Letters of the Nun Eshinni: Images of Pure Land Buddhism in Medieval Japan, pp. 23-41 (University of Hawai’i Press, 2004).
 
Thursday, June 14, 2018
Keller Kimbrough:  Preachers, Poets, Women and the Way:  Buddhism and Japanese Literature

Keller Kimbrough (trans). "A History of Seiganji in the Capital (excerpt from the ca. 1565-1595 Rakuyō Seiganji engi)" in Preachers, Poets, Women, and the Way: Izumi Shikibu and the Buddhist Literature of Medieval Japan, pp. 245-66 (University of Michigan Center for Japanese Studies, 2008).

Keller Kimbrough (trans). “Izumi Shikibu’s Vow” (excerpt from the sixteenth-century Akagi Bunko manuscript of The Tale of Jōruri), in Preachers, Poets, Women, and the Way: Izumi Shikibu and the Buddhist Literature of Medieval Japan, pp. 277-80 (University of Michigan Center for Japanese Studies, 2008).

Keller Kimbrough (trans). "Sayohime (seventeenth-century Kyoto University manuscript)" in Wondrous Brutal Fictions: Eight Buddhist Tales from the Early Japanese Puppet Theater, pp.161-90 (Columbia University Press, 2013).

OPTIONAL READINGS (PRIMARY SOURCES)

Kimbrough, Keller (trans). "The Tale of the Fuji Cave (Akagi Bunko manuscript of 1603)" in Monsters, Animals, and Other Worlds: A Collection of Short Medieval Japanese Tales, ed. Keller Kimbrough and Haruo Shirane (New York: Columbia University Press, 2018), 197-216.

Kimbrough, Keller (trans). "Isozaki (seventeenth-century Keiō University Library manuscript)" in Monsters, Animals, and Other Worlds: A Collection of Short Medieval Japanese Tales, ed. Keller Kimbrough and Haruo Shirane (New York: Columbia University Press, 2018), 217-32.

Kimbrough, Keller (trans). "Chūjōhime (woodblock-printed text of 1651)" in Traditional Japanese Literature: An Anthology, Beginnings to 1600, ed. Haruo Shirane (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007), 1138-50.

 
Friday, June 15, 2018
Discussion Session:  Japan by Thomas Kasulis, Keller Kimbrough, Lori Meeks, John Szosta & Peter Hershock
 

Week Four:  Buddhism and Modernity

Week Four Assigned Readings by Presenters

Monday, June 18, 2018
Peter Hershock:  Reviving the Past or Reimagining the Future:  Buddhism in Modern China
Zhe Ji. "Buddhism and the State:  The New Relationship:  Increasing Numbers of Believers Bring Great Changes to the Monastic Economy in China." In China Perspectives, Vol. 55, 2004, pp. 1-13.
Fisher, Gareth. "Introduction." In From Comrades to Bodhisattva:  Moral Dimensions of Lay Buddhist Practice in Contemporary China, pp. 1-20 (University of Hawai'i Press, 2014). 
OPTIONAL READING
Hershock, Peter D. "Responsive Virtuosity:  A Classical Chinese Buddhist Contribution to Contemporary Conversations of Freedom." In Ming Dong Gu (ed), Why Traditional Chinese Philosophy Still Matters:  The Relevance of Ancient Wisdom for the Global Age, pp. 85-101 (Routledge, 2018). 

Birnbaum, Raoul. "Buddhist China at the Century’s Turn." In D. L. Overmyer (Ed), Religion  in China Today:  The China Quarterly Special Issues New Series, No. 3, pp.122-144 (Cambridge University Press, 2003). 

 
Tuesday, June 19, 2018
James M. Shields:  Japanese Buddhism:  Traditions in Transformation in the 20th Century
Shields, James M. Against Harmony:  Progressive and Radical Buddhism in Modern Japan (Oxford, 2017). [Introduction, Prelude and  Appendix]
 
Wednesday, June 20, 2018
Jin Y. Park:  Korean Buddhism:  Traditions in Transformation in the 20th Century
Park, Jin Y. “Introduction.” In Jin Y. Park (ed), Makers of Modern Korean Buddhism (State University of New York Press, 2018).
Park, Jin Y. “Gendered Response to Modernity: Kim Iryŏp and Buddhism.” In Jin Y. Park (ed), Makers of Modern Korean Buddhism (State University of New York Press, 2018).
Park, Jin Y. “Wisdom, Compassion, and Zen Social Ethics: the Case of Chinul, Sŏngch’ŏl, and Minjung Buddhism in Korea.” Journal of Buddhist Ethics, 13 (2006): 1-26 (selections)
 

Thursday, June 21, 2018

The Globalization of Buddhist East Asia:  A Discussion by Peter Hershock, James M. Shields & Jin Y. Park